Nepal and China announce new height of Mount Everest is 8,848.86 meters (29,032 ft).
Nepal and China announced on Tuesday, 8th December 2020 that the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, has reached a new height of 8,848.86 meters.
The new height is 86 cm higher than the previous height considered by Nepal. China had earlier said Mount Everest was 8,844.33 meters high, which it said was the height of the rock.
Nepal and China announced new heights in a joint program on Tuesday.
The decision to approve the height of Everest was taken at a meeting of the Council of Ministers on November 26, after the survey was jointly processed and finalized by the survey officials of Nepal and China.
This is the first time that Nepal has measured the height of Mount Everest. The highest mountain after Mt. Everest is Ketu at 8,611 meters which is on the Pakistan-China border.
The height has been made public by holding joint programs in Beijing and Kathmandu.
On behalf of Nepal, Minister for Foreign Affairs Pradip Kumar Gyawali, Minister for Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation Padmakumari Aryal, senior officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Survey were present on the occasion.
The ceremony, held in Beijing, was attended by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and other senior officials from the surveying body.
It was informed at the ceremony that the President of Nepal Bidyadevi Bhandari and the President of China Xi Jinping exchanged congratulatory messages on the occasion.
Delivering a message from President Bhandari, Foreign Minister Gyawali unveiled a new height of Mount Everest with snow.
Bhandari called it a historic achievement and congratulated the governments of both China and Nepal.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the two countries’ Mount Everest was a sign of long-term friendship between Nepal and China, adding that the world’s highest peak was acting as a border between the two countries.
Prakash Joshi, Director General of the Department of Surveying and Mapping, gave a presentation on the height measurement and survey method adopted by Nepal.
During Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Nepal last year, Beijing and Kathmandu agreed to jointly publicize the height of the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest in Nepal and Jhomulangma in Tibet.
Accordingly, in the height measurement campaign that Nepal has been carrying out alone since the end of 2017, the northern neighbor China had also reached the machine.
This year marks the 60th anniversary of the first successful ascent of Mount Everest from Tibet.
China also noted that this year marks the first time in 45 years that the actual height of Mount Everest has been measured.
The role of earthquakes
Due to the coronavirus epidemic, the ascent of Mount Everest was stopped from Nepal. China had sent a team of technicians involved in measuring altitude from the northern face to the summit of Mount Everest in the spring of this year.
The Department of Surveying and Mapping said on Monday that the results of the height measurement were obtained jointly by the technical and steering committee discussions after the two countries completed the survey work and processed the data.
Two weeks ago, the cabinet meeting decided to honor the contribution of the employees participating in the height measurement.
Apart from that, it is said that the decision of the Council of Ministers has mentioned to keep the records collected by the surveyors safe and to maintain confidentiality in matters related to the measurement.
Speaking to the BBC after the cabinet approved the height, Land Management Minister Padma Aryal described the joint agreement between Nepal and China on the height of the world’s highest peak as historic.
Past attempts to measure the Everest’s height:
Nepal and the world have been recognizing the height of Mount Everest as 8,848 meters made public by the ‘Survey of India’ in 1954.
The height of Mount Everest was first declared by the Survey of India in 1847 during the British colonial period when the first scientific scientific mapping of the Indian subcontinent was carried out under The Great Trigonometric Survey.
Mount Everest, originally known as ‘Peak-XV’, was named Mount Everest by the British in 1865 in honor of Colonel George Everest, then Surveyor General of the Survey of India.
History Shiromani Baburam Acharya later gave the Nepali name Sagarmatha.
Mount Everest, also known as Jhomolong in Tibet in 1721, is shown on some Chinese maps, according to official accounts of Chinese colonial thinking of naming the world’s highest peak, Everest.
The Survey of India initially studied the height of Mount Everest from observation centers located 150 km northeast of Bihar, Dehradun, India. A study of 1849/50 showed that the height of the mountain was 8,840 meters.
The height of the Himalayas from Darjeeling was studied from 1880 to 1983 and in 1902. A team led by Colonel Burrad concluded that the altitude was 8,882 meters, according to the Survey of India document.
Similarly, from 1952 to 1954, care was taken to make the measurement process scientific, and Mount Everest was observed from eight places.
It is said that in the past, measurement centers were set up at wrong places and at high altitudes to observe Mt. Everest.
China began measuring Mount Everest in 1966-68. According to the first Chinese survey, the height of Mount Everest was 8,850 meters.
Earlier, China alone had attempted to measure Mount Everest four times, and the United States and Italy six times, according to documents.
The full stop of the height dispute
According to various documents, in 1999, the National Geographic Society of the United States with the help of GPS concluded that the height of Mount Everest was 8,850 meters, which Nepal did not accept.
According to a 2005 Chinese survey, Mount Everest was 8,844.43 feet [4 m] high and had a height of four meters.
Then the height dispute escalated.
With Nepal and China jointly completing the measurement, the dispute between the two countries over the actual height of the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest, seems to be coming to an end.