The word “Yoga” in itself is like a complete science that unites body, mind, soul, and universe. The history of yoga is about 5000 years old, known in ancient Indian philosophy as the practice of mind and body. Different styles of yoga combine physical postures, breathing techniques, and meditation or relaxation.

International Yoga Day

International Yoga Day was first started in India on 21 June 2015. The resolution given by the Honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) was approved and June 21 was proposed to be celebrated as International Yoga Day.

Now the question arises that why only 21 June? The answer is – “21st June is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and holds a special significance in many parts of the world, hence the Honorable Prime Minister suggested this day.

After the yoga session in the year 2018, the officials presented a Guinness World Records certificate which read, β€œOn 21st June 2018, Patanjali Yogpeeth, Government of Rajasthan and District Administration Kota, Rajasthan received the largest yoga lesson in which the largest amount of People participated”.

In recent years, yoga has become popular around the world, which promotes better control and well-being of the mind and body. There are many different types of yoga practice. Yoga and many other disciplines.

If the different postures of yoga are not done properly, then they can also prove to be fatal for you. Therefore, do it only under the supervision of a good yoga instructor, but let us first know what is Yoga?

What is Yoga?

Yoga is derived from the Sanskrit language ‘Yuj’, which means union of the soul with God, that is, yoga has so much power, that it can make you attain immortality. Some people misunderstand yoga to be simple, but it is much more than that. Yoga is primarily a spiritual discipline, in which the full essence of lifestyle has been assimilated.

Yoga is an art as well as a science. It is a science as it provides practical ways to control the body and mind, making deep meditation possible. And it is art unless it is practiced instinctively and sensitively. It will give only superficial results. Yoga is not just a system of beliefs, but it takes into account the effect of body and mind. on each other and brings them into mutual harmony.

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Yoga works primarily to circulate energy in the body through pranayama, or energy-control. Yoga teaches how, through breath control, a higher place of mind and awareness can be achieved.

Let us try to throw light on the history of yoga, various postures, its advantages and disadvantages with the help of this article.

History of Yoga

Although no written evidence is available about the discoverer of yoga, it is believed that yoga originated in India. The 2000-year-old “Yoga Sutras” written on yoga philosophy by the Indian sage Patanjali are considered a complete guide to controlling the mind and emotions and developing spiritually. The Yoga Sutras are the earliest written record of yoga and one of the oldest texts in existence. It provides the framework for all modern formulations.

Yoga is quite famous for its postures and asanas. Fitness was not the primary goal of yoga, but practitioners and followers of yoga practice also focus on other practices, such as expanding spiritual energy using breathing techniques and mental meditation.

Even after such a long history, yoga started gaining popularity in the late 19th century. Interest in yoga exploded after the 1920s and 1930s, first in India and later in the West.

Note: Male yoga professionals are known as yogis, and female yoga professionals are called yoginis.

How Yoga is interrelated with India

Yoga originated as an ancient practice whose origins can be traced back to 3000 BC in India. Stone-carved figures of yoga postures can be found in the Indus Valley, showing the original postures and practices.

Yoga was developed to establish harmony between the heart and the soul on the path to divine enlightenment. At the same time, it was discovered that yoga can help treat many diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure and reduce physical injuries and chronic pain.

Yoga has helped in curing many diseases. And as yoga continues to become increasingly popular outside of India and in so many different cultures, the practice has been channeled into teachings and tools in many different schools.

Let us know what is the status of yoga in India and how is it.

Types of Yoga – Yoga Poses

Modern yoga has evolved with a focus on exercise, strength, flexibility, and breathing. It helps in enhancing physical and mental well-being. There are many styles of yoga, and no style is more authentic or superior than the other. The different types of yoga include the following:

Ashtanga Yoga:

This form of yoga uses the ancient teachings of yoga. However, it became most popular during the 1970s. Ashtanga yoga is primarily a combination of six postures that combine the process of rapid breathing.

Bikram Yoga:

Bikram Yoga is also known as or by the name of “Hot” Yoga. This type of yoga is mainly done in an artificially heated room with a temperature of about 105 degrees and 40 percent humidity. It consists of a total of 26 poses and a sequence of two breathing exercises.

Hatha Yoga:

This is a general term for any type of yoga that teaches physical postures. “Hatha yoga” classes usually serve as a gentle introduction to basic yoga postures.

Iyengar Yoga:

In this form of yoga, correct alignment of all the poses is done using various props like blanket, pillow, chair and round long pillow, etc.

Jivamukti Yoga:

Jivamukti means “liberation while alive.” This type emerged in 1984 and included spiritual teachings and practices. This type of yoga focuses on increasing the speed between poses rather than focusing on the poses themselves.

This type of focus is called Vinyasa. Each class has a topic, which is explored through yoga scriptures, chanting, meditation, asanas, pranayama, and music. Jivamukti yoga can be physically intense.

Kripalu Yoga:

This types of yoga teach the practitioner to know, accept and learn their body. Kripalu’s student learns to practice his level by looking inward. Classes usually begin with breathing exercises and gentle stretches, followed by a series of individual poses and final relaxation.

Kundalini Yoga:

Kundalini means “to be coiled like a snake.” Kundalini yoga is a system of meditation that aims to release the energy buried in the mind.

A class usually begins with chanting and ends with singing. In between, it adapts asanas, pranayama, and meditation to produce a specific result.

Power Yoga:

In the late 1980s, practitioners developed this active and athletic type of yoga based on the traditional Ashtanga system.

Sivananda:

This is a system based on the five-point philosophy. This philosophy states that proper breathing, relaxation, diet, exercise, and positive thinking work together to create a healthy yogic lifestyle. Usually, it uses the same 12 basic asanas, booked by Surya Namaskar and Savannah asanas.

Appropriation:

Appropriation can adapt to any person, regardless of physical ability. Appropriation teachers require intensive training and are experts in anatomy and yoga therapy.

Yin:

This is a calming and meditative yoga practice, also known as Taoist yoga. Yin yoga allows the release of tension in major joints, including:

  • Ankle
  • knee
  • hips
  • full back
  • neck
  • shoulders

Prenatal or prenatal yoga:

This yoga is done prenatal and yoga uses postures that practitioners have designed for people who are pregnant. It can help women get back to their old shape after pregnancy as well as support a healthcare pregnancy.

Relax Yoga:

This is a relaxing form of yoga. A person can take this yoga class in four or five simple poses. It does not require any extra effort to hold a pose, just you can do relaxing postures with the help of some props like blankets, round pillows.

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